The overriding aim of this paper is to develop a conceptual framework that can be used to systematically examine the victimisation from environmental or green crime. By analysing the conceptual and pragmatic compatibilities between two distinctive academic fields of green criminology and human security (HS) and by discussing the impacts of timber trafficking on HS, it is argued that it would be logical, achievable and fruitful to employ a broad HS perspective to advance the understanding of the mechanism of green victimisation with a focus on human victims.
Largely based on secondary data analysis in combination with data acquired from 6 semi-structured interviews (Interviewees in in this research consist of 2 anti-drug trafficking police officers (coded as PO1; PO2), 1 staff from Department Against Social Evil (SE), 1 staff from Hanoi MOLISA (HM), 1 researcher on drug traf- ficking in Vietnam (RE1) and 1 father of drug addict (FA1), this article examines the nexus between drug trafficking and human insecurity in the context of Vi- etnam. By adopting the worldwide well-known analytical framework of human security developed by UNDP, this paper reveals that in Vietnam drug trafficking has mounted to an considerable multifaceted threat to human security particularly on the dimensions of economic, health, personal, community and security. In re- lation to the training of the anti-drug trafficking police, these revelations suggest that the crime should be considered as not only a criminal problem but also an important issue of non-traditional security. This infers that the police training could be undertaken by both police and security academies. With regard to the training curriculum, it should pay more attention on powering its potential victims to develop their resilience and capacity to escape from the victimization. Concern- ing the methods for policing drug trafficking, since the crime is determined as a security threat, it could be reasonable to utilize some strategies of governing hu- man security issues in order to better control the crime.
The academic realm of security studies, which is chiefly concerned with national security, has been attracting huge academic and political discussions worldwide for almost a century. There have been a wide arrange of approaches to conceptualize “national security”, classified broadly into two schools of thought: traditional and non-traditional. Little literature in the realm is, however, concerned with key divergences between the two schools. Against this backdrop, this article is designed to systematically examine the chief methodologies in both conventional and non-conventional trends to define “national security”; thereby revealing main divergences between these trends. It is suggested that irrespective of certain overlaps, it is possible to discern the main departures of the non-traditional from the traditional security approaches at a number of fundamental dimensions, including security for whom, security from which values, what threats to security and security by what means.